As many as 58 members of parliament (MPs) and members of legislative assembly (MLAs) have declared that police complaints of have been filed against them, according to a report by the Association for Democratic Reforms and Election Watch, released on April 25, 2018.

Based on an analysis of self-sworn affidavits submitted by electoral candidates prior to the last election they contested, the report found that and belonging to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) have reported the most (27, or 47% of all) cases of filed against them, followed by MPs/from the All India Majlis-E-Ittehadul Muslimeen (AIMIM) and the Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS), with six each.

The maximum number of MPs/who have self-declared cases of hate-speech filed against them are from Uttar Pradesh (UP, 15), Telangana (13) and poll-bound Karnataka and Maharashtra (five each).

As many as 15 sitting in the Lok Sabha (lower house of parliament) have declared hate-speech cases against them–10 from the BJP, and one each from the All India United Democratic Front (AIUDF), TRS, AIMIM, and Shiv Sena.

No MP from the Rajya Sabha (upper house of parliament) has declared cases against themselves, the report said.

Among the current members of legislative assemblies (state legislatures), 43 have declared cases against themselves, of whom 17 are from the BJP; five each are from the and AIMIM; three from the Telugu Desam Party; two each from the Indian Congress, All India Trinamool Congress, (United) and Shiv Sena; one each from Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, Bahujan Samaj Party and Samajwadi Party; and two are independent 

Two leaders of political parties–of the and of the AIUDF–have declared cases.

Uma Bharti, the serving Union Cabinet Minister for Drinking Water and Sanitation, has declared cases related to against her.

As many as 198 candidates with declared cases related to have contested elections for parliament or state assemblies in the last five years.

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