New Delhi

Commending the Election Commission (EC) for suspending the recognition of Mizoram-based National Peoples’ Party for failing to submit its election expenditure report for the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, the Association of Democratic Reforms (ADR) has pointed out that national parties such as BJP and Congress are equal defaulters in submitting their reports.

Availability of election expenditure statements of political parties with the Election Commission of India

  • Among the National  Parties, election expenditure statements of BJP and INC are not available for 5 Assembly elections held between 2011 and 2015 followed by CPI defaulting with its submission for 4 Assembly elections and CPI(M) in 1 Assembly election.
  • The availability of election expenditure statements of Regional Parties is equally worrisome where the statements of JD(U) is unavailable for15 Assembly Elections while that of LJP is unavailable for 11 Assembly Elections and election expenditure statements of RSP and Shiv Sena are unavailable for 10 Assembly Elections held between 2011 and 2015.
S. No.Name of the partyParty codeNo. of elections for which the expenditure statements are unavailable
National Parties
1Bharatiya Janata PartyBJP5
2Communist Party of IndiaCPI4
3Communist Party of India (Marxist)CPI(M)1
4Indian National CongressINC5
5Nationalist Congress PartyNCP2
Regional Parties
6Aam Aadmi PartyAAP2
7All India Anna Dravida Munnetra KazhagamAIADMK1
8All India Forward BlockAIFB6
9All India Trinamool CongressAITC8
10All Jharkhand Students Union PartyAJSUP2
11Desiya Murpokku Dravida KazhagamDMDK1
12Dravida Munnetra KazhagamDMK1
13Indian National Lok DalINLD2
14Indian Union Muslim LeagueIUML5
15Janata Dal (Secular)JD(S)9
16Janata Dal (United)JD(U)15
17Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers PartyJKNPP8
18Jharkhand Mukti MorchaJMM4
19Janadhipathya Samrakshana SamithiJPSS1
20Jharkhand Vikas MorchaJVM1
21Kerala Congress (Anri-merger Group)KC(AMG)1
22Lok Janshakti PartyLJP11
23Mizoram People’s ConferenceMPC1
24Muslim League Kerala State CommitteeMUL3
25Naga People’s FrontNPF2
26National People’s PartyNPP4
27Pattali Makkal KatchiPMK1
28Rashtriya Janata DalRJD9
29Rashtriya Lok DalRLD2
30Revolutionary Socialist PartyRSP10
31Shiv SenaSHS10
32Samajwadi PartySP9
33United Democratic PartyUDP1
34Uttarakhand Kranti Dal (P)UKDP2
35Zoram Nationalist PartyZNP1

Recommendations of ADR

While it is crucial for political parties to submit their expenditure statements for greater financial transparency, it is equally important to file the same within the time limit set by the ECI and endorsed by the Supreme Court of India. The National and Regional Parties should, ideally, lead by example by filing complete and correct statements of expenditure to the ECI well in time for public scrutiny so as to encourage financial transparency.

ADR requests the ECI to issue show-cause notices to those recognised parties which have defaulted in filing their election expenditure statements incurred during Assembly Elections held in the last 5 years.

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